173 year old snapshot of the sun!!

The oldest snapshot of the sun
, taken by Hippolyte Fizeau and Léon Foucault on 2 April 1845. HIPPOLYTE FIZEAU AND LÉON FOUCAULT

This marks the 173rd birthday of this snapshot taken by the sun. The photo was taken by Hippolyte Fizeau and Leon Foucault on April 2, 1845. The link below will take you to a very interesting article that talks about the first photo of the sun and many other first time events like photoing the suns corona.

(Insert from article)

On July 28 1851 at the Royal Observatory in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia), Johann Julius Friedrich Berkowski took the first photo of a solar eclipse, capturing the Sun’s outer atmosphere — the corona — for the first time. Just a few years later, in 1858, British scientist Warren de la Rue and French astronomer Jules Janssen began taking daily photographic records of sunspots; de la Rue went on to record the whole 11-year solar cycle in almost 3000 images. In 1870 US astronomer Charles A. Young snapped the first image of a solar prominence — a stream of gas reaching out from the Sun’s disk.

Please take some time to review this article to learn about the early history of photographing our sun and documenting its findings:

https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/snapshots-of-the-sun-since-1845

 

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New study suggests that a Maunder minimum type grand minimum is coming

SDO OBSERVATIONS OVER A 20 YEAR PERIOD

Once again, we find another article the is confirming that not only are we going into a minimum, but possibly a Maunder minimum 2.0 or something to that effect. The thing that really catches my attention on this article is the part that talks about the unusual activity that we saw from the sun in September of 2017. It’s being said that usually , these rouge sunspots like the ones we saw in September of 2017, indicates in their research is the cause for maunder minimum type solar minimum. I’m now starting to agree about the claim that we will be cooling for the next 400 years. I wont be alive to see the entire cycle and I wouldn’t be surprised if we were actually heading towards the 1000 year long minimum that  many are predicting (Eddy Minimum). This paper goes on to say that scientist will know for sure within the next 2-3 years. Along with some convincing info from David( trusted source,the star man) about how he may have located the sunspot region that may kick off solar cycle 25 almost a full year earlier! Stay tunned as more information seems to be disclosed faster and faster. Here is the link to the paper:

https://sciencetrends.com/rogue-sunspots-spoil-chances-for-long-term-space-weather-forecasting/#comment-1125

 

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Surprise G2 !

Here is an article from spaceweather.com:

 

SURPRISE GEOMAGNETIC STORM: On March 18th, a crack opened in Earth’s magnetic field. Solar wind poured in, fueling a moderately strong (G2-class) geomagnetic storm. Ruslan Merzlyakov sends this picture from Mårup (Hjørring), Denmark:

Yesterday’s unexpected storm of Northern Lights was visible with the naked eye,” says Merzlyakov. “For the first time in months, Lady Aurora visited Denmark!”

NOAA forecasters had said there was a slight chance of minor G1-class storms on March 18th. The actual storm was much more intense, spreading auroras to lower latitudes than expected. In Europe the display spilled all the way down to Germany.

MAGNETIC CRACKS AND STORMS: For the past five days, Earth’s magnetic field has been in a state of unrest as an unusually-wide stream of solar wind blows around our planet. Literally, the geomagnetic field has been shaking back and forth. This plot from Stuart Green’s backyard magnetometer in Preston, UK, shows the unrest, highlighted by a G2-class geomagnetic storm on March 18th:

Blue squiggles in Green’s chart represent changes in his local magnetic field caused by the buffeting of solar wind high overhead. “Magnetic activity has been relatively high since March 14th with several distinct periods of storminess,” he says. “Magnetometers all around the world are registering this.”

The speed and pressure of the solar wind are key factors in stirring up magnetic storms–but not the only factor. Even more important is the formation of cracks in Earth’s magnetic field, which allow solar wind to penetrate. How do we know when cracks are forming? Green has prepared another plot to answer this question:

“I lined up NOAA solar wind data with my own magnetometer chart,” he says. “Note the red curve in the solar wind data. Much of the magnetic unrest I’ve been recording correlates with negative Bz, when the magnetic field of the approaching solar wind tips south.”

Indeed, that is exactly how cracks form. The magnetic field in the solar wind points south, partial cancelling Earth’s north-pointing magnetic field. Solar wind pours in through the resulting weak point. These cracks tend to form most often during weeks around equinoxes–a phenomenon known as the “Russell-McPherron effect.”

Note to auroraphiles: Keep an eye on Bz right here on Spaceweather.com. When it tips south (becomes negative), that is the best time to watch for Northern Lights.

Spaceweather.com is the Creator of this article.

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Not fake news!

Photo credit: watchers.news

These days, we run into a lot of fake news. It’s getting ridiculous. However, we can definitely vouch for watchers.news. Today, they featured an article about the online frenzy on a massive solar storm to hit earth on the 18th – 20th. I had a subscriber tell me that Russian scientist were predicting G-5 class geomagnetic storms. Mari and I immediately started to vet this information. We found no evidence that this was going to happen. Later that subscriber messaged back and he had told me that he also vetted the information a little deeper and also came to that conclusion. Innocent mistake.

Watchers.news reports on extreme events worldwide but this website cares about integrity. They are not trying to scare for profit, They are reporting events that do not get any attention in the MSM so that people are aware of the changes of our planet. Watchers.news does not believe in sensationalizing these headlines because the raw data of the articles speaks volumes. So, I’d like to believe that this is a website that will always be truthful and accurate with their reports. Here is the link to the article assuring us that we are not going to get blasted by a massive solar storm. it also features a video by Dr. Tamitha Skov. ( who has a very good understanding of our sun and its behavior )

https://watchers.news/2018/03/15/solar-storm-mania-makes-headlines/

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Aurora borealis

I put this together because there seems to be confusion throughout the science community. Some say that Aurora Borealis are present because of high numbers of sunspots. But the reality is that we see these the most when Earth is getting blasted by solar winds that pour out of Earth facing coronal holes. Enjoy!

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More auroras in The Grand Solar Minimum

Photo from spaceweather.com

 

As our sun heads into a deep slumber, coronal holes will be on the rise and that will allow more solar wind to impact our atmosphere with highly charged particles. These beautiful aurora’s will light up skies in the north as a result. Here is a small exert from spaceweather.com :

AN EXPLOSION OF AURORAS OVER FINLAND: As predicted, a stream of solar wind brushed against Earth’s magnetic field during the early hours of March 4th. First contact with the gaseous material ignited bright auroras around the Arctic Circle. “The entire sky exploded in green, with fast moving auroras, full of needles and even a few purple fringes!” reports tour guide Rayann Elzein, who sends this picture from Inari, Finland:

“The bright Moon could not do anything to disturb the show,” he adds. “I heard several loud wows from my guests, and I knew the evening was a big success.”

The solar wind came from a northern hole in the sun’s atmosphere. Most of the gaseous material sailed north of our planet, but the initial impulse of the grazing stream was enough to cause bright polar auroras. Another, similar stream of solar wind is expected to reach Earth on March 7th or 8th, and more auroras are likely at that time.

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Mercury and Venus in the evening sky

Photo taken by : Randy Carter

From spaceweather.com

SUNSET PLANETS: When the sun goes down tonight, step outside and look west. If you have a clear view of the horizon, you can see Venus and Mercury beaming together through the rosy glow of sunset. The two bright planets are little more than 1 degree apart.

Remember how in 2016 , Venus was very bright in the evening sky. Well its 2018 and Venus once again is an evening star and Mercury is now 1.1 degrees apart from Venus in our sky as well. Enjoy and take in this beautiful view of our solar system neighbors.

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Solar Update

AR 2699 has produced a C4 class solar flare today. We are also monitoring a coronal hole that has expanded even more today on the eastern limb of our star. Geomagnetic activity is expected. Stay tuned to the Grand Solar Minimum channel for more updates!

Courtesy of spaceweather.com :C-CLASS SOLAR FLARE: This weekend, sunspot AR2699 is directly facing Earth. At 1321 UT on Feb. 10th, the sunspot’s magnetic canopy erupted, producing a C4-class solar flare. Extreme UV radiation from the flare ionized the top of Earth’s atmosphere. This, in turn, caused a brief ‘brownout’ of shortwave radio signals over South America and the South Atlantic Ocean: map. Frequencies affected were below 10 MHz.

 

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